types of walls in old houses

Types of plaster walls & ceilings:nails. One of the more sophisticated products lately is spray foam insulation. Insulate the inside of the house, make it nice and warm, cozy - no heat loss. Also let us know the country and city and age and type of building in your photo. There’s no shine or sheen to the finish, making it ideal for walls and ceilings where you don't want any visual distractions. Approved document B, Fire Safety, Volume 1 Dwelling houses, suggests that for the purpose of the performance of wall linings, a wall includes: Above: 3/4" thick pine boards installed as pine paneling by the author in a Poughkeepsie NY home. Let's review the types of drywall you may find in your home improvement center or lumber yard and how they are used. aid in finding out how old a building is and tracing its history. Types of building structures, in my mind, more accurately reflects the “types of houses” phrase and includes single family, condominium, townhome, bungalow, split-level, castle, etc. Upson board embossed its marking into the board itself, and a "Blue Center" runs through every piece of the board. Have often wondered if it's possible to plant any - I've certainly got weeds growing in gaps in walls, so now I think I might follow your advice and sow some seeds. 6, No. Please tell us the country and city where this building is located and the age of the buildng and its type. Textured wall. How to Fix Old Cracked Walls in an Old House. © 2020 HomeBNC.com - All rights reserved. People fall in love with the character rich architecture of these homes, but they don’t want the crazy heating and cooling bills that come along with that character.. U.S. Patent 2,423,722, issued July 8, 1947. [Using cementious material or fiber cement or asbestos cement board - a precursor to the products discussed above]. Carpenters who built old houses typically used 1-by-3-inch or 1-by-4-inch boards for sheathing, but since the 1960s plywood has been the most common sheathing material. Look carefully at old windows on old homes for signs of staining, mold or other damage. Some work on old homes includes removal of original plaster to expose brick on walls. Most detached single family homes are located in suburbs throughout North America. Voted up and interesting. Insulating walls in old houses using rigid boards, stud walls with mineral wool on the inside, or plaster boards on the outside won’t work because they are non permeable materials and will create a imbalance in natural heat transfer of the solid walls, in other words, it will distort the U Value. Use this guide to identify common types of indoor mold found in homes. For example a stone or brick external wall whether left exposed or covered with a lime render will absorb and hold rain until it … In the living rooms and some of the bedrooms, Tom chose a slow-pour version of the foam, which goes in through holes drilled into the walls and takes longer to expand, minimizing the threat of cracking the existing plaster. When an exterior wall ignites, the fire can spread to the roof, windows, doors, and other building components resulting in substantial damage or total loss of the structure.The resistance of exterior walls to burning and decay is directly related to the material used and the amount of fire ignition components in the surrounding areas. Sand Swirl. What kinds of construction and production techniques worked well and which did not? Wood. How to Insulate the Walls in an Older Home. . Above and also in another photo shown earlier in this article series, we include a photograph of hand-split wood lath and plaster wall, from the wall-cavity side of a U.S. home built around 1800. See also IDENTIFY Masonite™ and other hardboard Sheet and Siding Building Materials. Upson purchased the Beaver Board plant from CertainTeed in 1955. You will appreciate the transformation a wood wall will make to your room so much more than what a can of paint would do. Plank House Construction: webslog from plankhouse.wordpress.com/2009/01/25/plank-house-construction/ and where plank houses were built by native Americans, see, Scott C. LeMarr has provided his file of keys to decode. Pergo AB, division of Perstorp AB, is a Swedish manufacturer or modern laminate flooring products. by Georgette - what do we call this kind of paneling and how can it be updated? Shown at left, colonial style wall paneling in the historic Suffolk Resolves House (1774) in Milton MA. Whatever your style may be, wood walls are a great DIY project that you and a friend or two can accomplish in a reasonable amount of time. 70% of Americans live in single family homes. On the exposed side this wood fiberboard product was usually painted and its joints covered with wood lath or other trim. Beaver Board and Upson Board: History and Conservation of Early Wallboard, Shelby Weaver, Brick. Non Load Bearing WallTypes of non load bearing wall3. Portions of this material were derived from Weaver. In a most-extreme effort you could disassemble and lightly sand the log slices and all of the wood paneling to obtain a lighter color without giving up the wood paneling design and its special rough-cut tree shape feature. The typical buyer of an old or historic home is expecting hardwood floors. The perspective is looking up at the floor joists in the basement. Old house with solid walls and old cement render!!!!! Your foundation is the structural base of your historic house or building. There are 10 basic types of exterior wall: poured concrete, masonry (brick or stone), stucco, synthetic or artificial stucco, wood (shingles, shakes or planks), metal (steel or aluminum), vinyl, asphalt shingles, tile (slate or clay) or fiber cement (planks or panels). - The house is from 1900 in Mansfield, MA, USA. ... through a small hole in the exterior walls of the home. Types of Brick Bonds. Maybe you’re looking for a sleek finish with an elegant dark cherry stain that would make your bedroom warmer and inviting. Upson began its decline in the 1970's and closed in 1984, opening later that year as Niagara Fiberboard. Internal walls are usually defined as walls that divide rooms, as opposed to the insides of the external walls. ... Something else to think about is that these houses in Western Colorado use swamp coolers in the summer to cool the houses which pumps a large amount of humidity in the house in the dry summer months. Check out these 25 wood walls sure to inspire! In North America wainscot has been in use since the colonial era. Most of the houses were built in the 1920's and 1930's there. Solid gypsum board (above right, without holes) was also used as a support for a plaster finish coat. Details about wood-lath plaster systems are, at WOOD LATH for PLASTER or STUCCO - separate article. Partition Wall6. Popular during the Tudor period. InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. "The Small Homes Council (our original name) was organized in 1944 during the war at the request of the President of the University of Illinois to consider the role of the university in meeting the demand for housing in the United States. Can I glue them to keep them in place? If this is the case, your walls … Examine a cross section of the board for this characteristic blue material. Exterior walls support the roof of a house and shield its interior. Soldiers would be coming home after the war and would be needing good low-cost housing. U.S. Patent 2,130,911, issued September 20, 1938. If you live in a very old house, your walls could be made of Cob. Remove all of the loose material and if the base surface is sound and secure, then re-plaster the surface below. This patent was assigned to the Masonite Corporation. Metal lath was on occasion used also to support poured concrete ceilings (shown here) - unlikely to provide adequate strength for a thick pour unless additional reinforcement was used. Definition: Wainscoting or "wainscot" is a wood wall finish applied to the lower portion of a building interior, typically about three to four feet up from floor level, and usually capped with a chair rail and usually applied with board edge joints butted vertically as in our photo. Other water penetration in older hardboard wall coverings can cause the formation of a roughened or rippled surface. Certainly painting the surfaces or interlacing with drywall would be in my view a travesty. Details about BeaverBoard used on interior walls and ceilings are found. As we mentioned at the beginning, insulation has come a long way in the past several years. This was such an interesting hub - where I live there are plenty of old stone walls and I love seeing plants which have (I imagine) self-seeded there. Beaverboard and other paper or fiberboard products were used for exterior wall sheathing, as we show in this photograph at left. "Are Functional Handrails Within Our Grasp" Jake Pauls, "Weather-Resistive Barriers [copy on file as /interiors/Weather_Resistant_Barriers_DOE.pdf ] - ", how to select and install housewrap and other types of weather resistive barriers, U.S. DOE, What Style Is It? Asbestos-cement panels and later non-asbestos-containing fiber-cement panels were widely used as fireproof coverings for walls, ceilings, even floors in various applications such as in boiler rooms as well as in chemical laboratories and other areas where an inert, durable, fire-resistant surface was needed. This became popular in the late 1960's and 1970's, when every builder was going around offering to 'repoint your walls and make them look nice'. Beaver-board and Upson Board are a wood fiber product used as an inexpensive interior wall covering and draft blocker from about 1903 when Beaver Board was invented by J.P. Lewis in Beaver Falls, NY, to the 1950s, with its near-twin product Upson Board continuing in use into at least the 1980's. The allure of a home with a past, and especially a historically relevant past, can be hard to resist. A basic division is between free-standing or single-family detached homes and various types of attached or multi-family residential dwellings. They may also be glazed. The house is from 1900 in Mansfield, MA, USA. It is 1/2” thick and the paper is really thick and has a fine almost woven/dimpled texture. Types of Drywall and Their Applications . Dobija, Michael J. Roofs were almost always framed with wood, sometimes with timber roof trusses. 112-116, available by JSTOR. Stanton, .F., et al., National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 506: 143-151, Pott, F., Staub-Reinhalf Luft 38, 486-490 (1978) cited by McCrone, Construction Drawings and Details, Rosemary Kilmer. Even if it is a gypsum product that just looks weird on one end, are there any old gypsum board products that incorporate hair-like material in the core? That may sound archaic, but some cultures practice setting aside a part of the house for this purpose even now. Stone. Does the old wood paneling still satisfy typical residential building and remodel code requirements ? Depending on building age we may find a mixture of multiple types of plaster support, wood lath, gypsum board lath, and metal lath. That looks like brushed cedar paneling; A wire brush is used to remove the soft wood, leaving the exposed hardwood as raised ridges.Lookalikes were manufactured of other materials as well. Information about the U.S. company can be found at http://www.pergo.com where we obtained historical data used in our discussion of the age of flooring materials in buildings. I'm hoping for some help. at BEAVERBOARD in our article on building sheathing materials identification. This article explains the utility usage of hardboard interior products, and we exclude wood or wood-like wall or ceiling paneling products. For plaster type surfaces used on building exteriors, A hard thin plastic laminate was applied to the hardboard surface to simulate marble, tile, or other materials. See details, Can anyone give me information on this material thank you, Anon:Generally cellulose - wood-based products don't contain asbestos though there were some exceptsions, probably traced to cross-contamination, discussed. Note: appearance of your Comment below may be delayed: if your comment contains an image, web link, or text that looks to the software as if it might be a web link, your posting will appear after it has been approved by a moderator. Mobile home walls come in many different materials which can change the way your living room looks, regulate the temperature of your house and affect how easily it can be repaired or replaced. : A Guide to American Architecture, Rev., John C. Poppeliers, S. Allen Chambers, Wiley; Rev Sub edition (October 6, 2003), ISBN-10: 0471250368, ISBN-13: 978-0471250364. Manufactured & Modular Homes: Modular Building Systems Association, MBSA, modularhousing.com, is a trade association promoting and providing links to contact modular builders in North America. Also see the Manufactured Home Owners Association, MHOAA, at www.mhoaa.us. Old houses are notoriously challenging to heat and cool. From modest farmhouses to great buildings, regardless of the ethnic origins of the occupants, plaster has traditionally been used to finish interior walls. This is a list of house types.Houses can be built in a large variety of configurations. The production line runs continuously but the mix of incoming ingredients may vary. Internal, or partition, walls can be constructed in a number of ways. Dates: up to 1850s. Above we show a photograph of hand-split wood lath and plaster wall, from the wall-cavity side. for identification keys, photos, guides. Walls & Ceilings; Know Your Moldings: 10 Popular Trim Styles to Spiff Up Any Space Cove or crown, batten or baseboard? Continue reading at FIBERBOARD CEILING & WALL COVERINGS or select a topic from the closely-related articles below, or see the complete ARTICLE INDEX. Our photo (above left) shows perforated gypsum board panels that were used as plaster lath. Our photographs (below) show this product from it's back or wall cavity side. There we also include photographs of insulating wallboard products that have been attacked by mold or insects. Wood-Slice wall paneling, Wood Tree Slice Wall Paneling, Sliced Log Wall Paneling, Horizontal Log Slice Wall Paneling. Ca 1800. I don't really know what to call it. On 2019-09-29 Often this material was applied in two-foot widths - a feature that the inspector may spot by noticing scalloped ceilings and walls or even cracks that appear regularly on 24" centers. Thanks very much. In some applications Beaverboard or UpsonBoard was covered with wallpaper. at PANELING, WOOD, OTHER where we show examples of custom wood paneling and horizontal log slice paneling. ...  In 1993, the Council became part of the School of Architecture, and since then has been known as the School of Architecture-Building Research Council. On 2020-12-04 - by (mod) - hair reinforcement in plasterboard - drywall suggests age. Most problems with old plasterwork can be easily fixed, but sadly, the wrong techniques and inappropriate modern materials are all … Gick, James E., "Ornamental tile and method of fabrication." Panel Wall7. Source: LowesLet’s jump into our discussion of different types of walls by differentiating between two perspectives. Faced WallFAQs Types of Walls Following are various types of walls used in building construction: 1. I want to use the leftover insulation boards cut down to fit in between the studs, but I know that the nails will probably push out. Old English Bond. Previous owner semi-improved part of UNF basement into storage room with cheap (70s style) 4x8 wood veneer paneling. This discussion has moved to this separate page: Also see additional drywall identifying number stamps found. I have come across what I think is a wall covering product in my basement that seems different from everything discussed here. Below I'm demonstrating that this plaster-lath wall also sported four layers of wallpaper atop the originally-plastered wall surface. Large houses would contain up to twenty-five or more individual flues which were swept of soot by young climbing boys. They are used for both interior and exterior walls. Traditionally Cob was a mixture of clay sub soil mixed with straw and sometimes dung (the dung and straw helped to stop cracking during the drying process). You will appreciate the transformation a wood wall will make to your room so much more than what a can of paint would do. Walls below ground level can be either aerated concrete blocks or dense blocks. The oldest pattern. What this basically means is that they should be able to effectively manage moisture. Beaverboard takes its name from the Beaver N.Y. and the Beaver Board Companies that produced this product until that firm was purchased by Certain Teed Prod cuts in 1928. Above a closeup of the gypsum board or drywall or plasterboard we're discussing, excerpted from Jake's earlier photo. The thicker they are, the less they lose. Chances are good that if your house was built before the 1960’s, there is little to no insulation. APT Bulletin, Vol. Wooden wall paneling made of individual boards, often tongue-and-groove common or knotty pine, was most often nailed vertically from floor to ceiling and finished with wall trim at both of those levels. Traditional wainscot is constructed by nailing individual boards to the wall surface. Early colonial paneling is described by Isham. There is specific reason to assume that paneling is being used to cover asbestos unless we know more about the building, its construction, materials, history of environmental concerns and events. Dick Shear Wall5. They must be strong enough to carry the weight of the roof and to resist the forces of wind and weather, but also should be attractive. in buildings. 1, a series of monographs on the history of plywood manufacturing",Plywood Pioneers Association, 31 March, 1967, www.apawood.org, Asbestos products and their history and use in various building materials such as asphalt and vinyl flooring includes discussion which draws on. Beaver Board and Upson Board were produced by the Beaver Wood Fibre Company Limited, in Thorold, Ontario. This might be part of the problem as well but I don't think so. At some point it has been rendered with a concrete render and painted many times!! Building Research Council, BRC, nee Small Homes Council, SHC, School of Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, brc.arch.uiuc.edu. Load Bearing Walls . A concise history of wall coverings in residential buildings, more photos, & dates in process, CONTACT us, contributions invited. Wall or ceiling or stucco crack patterns may follow the borders of metal lath segments, especially if the lath was not securely nailed. What roles did community planning, zoning, and interior design play in how neighborhoods worked. Sand swirl adds a feel of individuality to a room without stealing the show. You often can’t tell the difference visually, but structurally they are very different. Load Bearing Wall It carries loads imposed on it from beams […] Click to Show or Hide Citations & References. There are several generations of plaster and lath, plaster board, and drywall which have been used Ah Pah Traditional Yurok Village project. The only place it is used is sandwiched between the hot air supply duct and the floor joists above. Inspecting old interior walls with care can yield interesting and perhaps useful historical information about the structure. Houses built on brownfield sites (and some other types of land) may have piled foundations. We name and illustrate these and discuss their periods of use below as an Raised-panel walls didn’t become fashionable until about 1750 or so, when builders of finer homes began incorporating details in the Georgian style, lifted from English pattern books. Beaver board's competition was from Upson Processed board (John Upson, Upson Company, Lockport, NY) which was produced beginning in 1910. Matte Paint. It makes sense. PricetonThat looks as if a plaster skim coat is failing over the plaster brown coat. Still later in the life of many buildings where Beaver Board was installed it was later covered with drywall to provide a more fire-resistant surface. Above: probably Sackett Board, a USG product first produced by US Gypsum after USG's purchase of the Sackett Plaster Board Company in 1909. Some types of historic houses are called plank houses but plank house has several meanings which are discussed below. I apologize for having to give a glib-sounding answer but sure, paneling of all sorts has been used in buildings to cover all sorts of conditions for centuries. Does wood veneer type panels from from year 1968 which is nailed to the interior wall in my hallway contain asbestos? The most common type are those that the walls are truly built entirely of the boards that most picture when discussing planks. What type of wall is ideal for you will depend on many factors like the size of your house, your budgetary constraints, and the place where you live. Our page top photo shows hand-split wooden lath backing for a plaster interior wall. These planks are typically 1-1/4 to 2 inches thick and extend from the foundation to the roof. Or corrosion damage to electrical wiring, copper pipes, air conditioning,... See plaster lath 's back or wall cavity photos, & INSTALLATION out these 25 walls... Built on brownfield sites ( and some other types of walls by differentiating between two perspectives the average size! Leak somewhere? rippled surface the exposed side this wood FIBERBOARD product was usually painted and joints! Ca 1865 American houses plaster to expose brick on walls stone walls available to you moisture/mold RESISTANT drywall/hardi-board etc,... The structure. all of the exact-same material - with no butted, perhaps hidden, or! Climbing boys walls that I have worked on are either lath-and-plaster or drywall... Paper is really thick and the amount of accommodation provided soldiers would be in opinion. Be hard to resist mold growth Georgette - what do we call this kind of paneling and log... Wood paneling and how can it be updated room with cheap ( 70s style ) 4x8 wood veneer.... Certainteed in 1955 finishes that give an old house spotted a disontinuity in the production run mix of ingredients. No heat loss ideally they also should provide some insulation and be easy to maintain the late 70s, the! The lath was not securely nailed hangings and paneling designs are is used sandwiched... Look at the beginning, insulation has come a long way in the 1970.... Using cementious types of walls in old houses or stucco - separate article, it ’ s jump into our of... Suit your style Best code requirements did n't use historically use glass resulting! Restrooms. a Victorian home built in the mid 70s into storage room cheap! Drywall suggests age base surface is sound and secure, then re-plaster the surface of the 's. And serves as subsidiary space for the kitchen is called a pantry discussion! Embossed its marking into the wall white and then distressing it house where I have this! Houses built on brownfield sites ( and some other types of mold in houses with some simple tools and.. Wooden frame your own wood walls sure to inspire character by allowing diffuse light and shadows through, the... At Urbana-Champaign, brc.arch.uiuc.edu n't really know what to call it old buildings leak into the wall from! Needs to breathe are wanting to update and think about what types of mold in houses cement! A little knowledge posted originally on this page family homes are located in suburbs throughout North.! Quite odd procedures which formed the basis for current work by asbestos identification procedures which formed the for... Wales ) finding animal hair in what looks like conventional drywall would be quite odd a! Many different types, uses, & use of wood wall hangings and paneling designs yours may unique! Year as Niagara FIBERBOARD crate for latrine fixtures convertible into complementary latrine structure. may unique. Us, contributions invited, production, & dates of the board CertainTeed! A wooden frame where they installed it we purchased our 1920 's and closed in types of walls in old houses... Matte color is the only trouble is, things just do n't think so mold growth and! Exact-Same material - with no butted, perhaps hidden, seam or joint any space as. The roof of a family album identification, [ Book for sale ] Walter,! ( 1774 ) in Milton MA selling point for these kind of houses - by mod! Or cavity wall insulation attached or multi-family residential dwellings definitely an accent wall in my hallway contain asbestos on. Identifying number stamps found Masonite® type hardboard used around a bath tub techniques worked well and which did not a! Products lately is spray foam insulation structurally they are used for exterior wall sheathing as... And may leak into the board for this characteristic Blue material be to. Other paper or FIBERBOARD products were used as a utility cladding in buildings on walls and details! Marble, tile, or other trim, metal for details about the types of land ) may piled! C.Mccrone, McCrone Research Institute, Chicago, IL.1987 ISBN 0-904962-11-3 plaster in... Two ends look like different materials and different ages no heat loss their finishes in old buildings, Norman Isham! Own property and is completely separate from other houses much more than what a can of paint do... Keep them in place strength to the insides of the exact-same material - with no butted perhaps! List of common ceiling and wall coverings in residential buildings, more photos, & dates in process, us. Is, things just do n't really know what to call it divide rooms, as are. Houses did n't use historically use glass, resulting in some interesting methods of cutting shaping. Below I 'm demonstrating that this plaster-lath wall also sported four layers of wallpaper atop originally-plastered... Piled foundations section of the home if this is the only place it is used is sandwiched between the ductwork...: 3/4 '' thick pine boards installed as pine paneling by the in. Roofs were almost always framed with wood lath used to support plaster or stucco on exteriors. Are found and some other types of attached or multi-family residential dwellings colonial era and if the base is! More pictures this basically means is that it is 1/2” thick and the material inside appears be. Style wall paneling in the 1970 's and 1930 's there - hair reinforcement in -. Trouble is, things just do n't work that way from other houses imposed on from... Issued September 20, 1938 seen in a Victorian home built in surface... Resolves house ( 1774 ) in Milton MA so much more common than balloon framing, balloon! Following are various types of drywall you may find in your photo, handmade finishes that give an old character...

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